Updated January 31, 2021
The below searchable databases will ask for information in Russian. Google Translate tool for web browsers will not work for some of these websites. So you will need to know some Russian words. Найти is find, поиск is search, фамилия is last name, имя is first name, отчество is patronymic middle name (i.e. Ivanovich, son of Ivan), год роджения is birth year, mесто рождения is place of birth, звание is rank, место призыва is town/city called to duty and место жительства is place of residence. Use this website in another window to write names of people, towns and cities in Russian and Ukrainian. Please remember that these databases will not have information on everyone. Some databases are still being updated with new information.
Political terror victims
1. Victims of political terror in the USSR– The database was updated in fall 2017 with another 500,000 victims’ information. About 3.1 million people can be searched. Read this post on this database if you aren’t comfortable with searching Russian websites.
2. National database of repressed of Ukraine– The list of Ukrainians killed by the government during Soviet times can viewed in alphabetical order or be searched. Click on Розширений пошук to use the search engine. Прізвще is last name, Ім’я is first name, По-батькові is patronymic middle name, Рік народження is year of birth, Місце народження is place of birth, Останнє місце проживання is last residence and Bci is all.
3. Indeks Represjonowanych– Searchable database of people who were persecuted, killed or repatriated during Soviet rule of Poland. The database includes people from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Lithuania. Worth a look for anyone who had persecuted relatives due to border changes in eastern Europe. Please use Google Translate to translate the search terms.
1. Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database– A thorough database from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
2. JewishGen’s Holocaust Database– The database has more than 2.75 million entries from more than 190 component datasets.
Participants of the White Movement in USSR
1. swolkov.org– This database has information on more than 106,000 people who were in the White Army and/or emigrated from the USSR. For those unfamiliar with Russian, please read this post on how to use this database- Massive database reveals priceless information on rebels of the Russian Revolution.
Military databases for World War II
1. Memorial– This is a very flexible, searchable database for soldiers who died or went missing in action during World War II. You can search by name of village/town/city alone under the Расширенный поиск tab. Remember to click on all of the options below the search text line for Расширенный поиск to catch as much information as possible. You can search by first, middle (patronymic) and last name, birth year or rank.
2. Подвиг Народа– Click on поиск по фамилии on the left to search for awards given to Soviet soldiers during WWII. This database is very flexible, too. You can search by first, middle, last name, birth year, rank and place of recruitment (last residence). Scans of the actual hand written or typed citations are provided, in addition to images of the awards received.
3. Memory of a Nation 1941-1945– This website has more than 50 million records on Soviet Army WWII soldiers and that includes 2 million records on locations of soldiers’ burial sites. Here is a post on the database.
5. Road of Memory – A searchable database by name of Soviet Army soldiers with their photos. Those photos also have been posted with the records on Memory of a Nation 1941-1945. Here is a post on Road of Memory.
Military databases for World War I
1. Проект Союза Возрождений Родословных Традиций (СВРТ)– Database of injured and killed World War I soldiers of the Russian Empire. This database can be searched in English or Russian. Here is a post on this database.
2. International Committee of the Red Cross database on World War I Prisoners of War– This database covers the Russian Empire, along with the other countries involved in the war.
3. In memory of the heroes of the Great War of 1914-1918– This database has more than 2 million entries for Russian Empire soldiers who received awards, went missing and/or died in World War I. Here is a post of the database.
1. Ukraine’s Memory Book– List of soldiers, underground soldiers and civilians who died during WWII. The list is searchable. The list is divided by cities, regions and other categories.
2. Consolidated Memory Books– Information on the death of more than 4.5 million people killed during WWII. The information comes from several regional memory books, burial lists for Germany, Romania and Hungary and fatality lists for Poland and various military records. The search engine is very flexible.
3. Books of Memory– This website has a searchable database of the soldiers who died in the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-40, Soviet conflict during 1923-1939 and local wars and conflicts of 1946-1982.
4. Famine victims of Ukraine– Lists of victims of Holodomor, the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians. Click on The National Book of Memory to find the correct memory book by region. See this page on Wikipedia for more information on Holodomor.
Buscador– Database of immigrants of South America that includes many from the former USSR. The database is in Spanish. (So copy and paste the text into Google Translate to read the results in English.) Here is a post about the database.
The All Galicia Database– More than 700,000 indexed archive records on mostly the Jewish population of Galicia, today part of southeastern Poland and western Ukraine, and some records on other ethnic groups.
Geneteka– This database has indexed records from Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia, in addition to Poland. Registration is not involved.