Updated July 9, 2021
Here is a list of important databases for Russian and Ukrainian genealogy. The list will be updated as posts on databases are featured on this blog.
The below searchable databases will ask for information in Russian and Ukrainian. Google Translate tool for web browsers will not work for some of these websites.
So you will need to know some Russian words. Найти is find, поиск is search, фамилия is last name, имя is first name, отчество is patronymic middle name (i.e. Ivanovich, son of Ivan), год роджения is birth year, mесто рождения is place of birth, звание is rank, место призыва is town/city called to duty and место жительства is place of residence.
Use this website in another window to write names of people, towns and cities in Russian and Ukrainian. Please remember that these databases will not have information on everyone. Some databases are still being updated with new information.
Please watch for links in italics to blog posts that will explain how to use these Russian and Ukrainian databases without knowing the languages.
National database of repressed of Ukraine– The list of Ukrainians killed by the government during Soviet times can viewed in alphabetical order or be searched. Click on Розширений пошук to use the search engine. Прізвще is last name, Ім’я is first name, По-батькові is patronymic middle name, Рік народження is year of birth, Місце народження is place of birth, Останнє місце проживання is last residence and Bci is all.
Indeks Represjonowanych– Searchable database of people who were persecuted, killed or repatriated during Soviet rule of Poland. The database includes people from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Lithuania. Worth a look for anyone who had persecuted relatives due to border changes in eastern Europe. Please use Google Translate to translate the search terms.
Victims of Anti-Polish Terror in the Soviet Union 1934-1938– This is a database of The Center for Polish-Russian Dialogue and Understanding and the Institute of National Remembrance to document the 200,000 victims of the terror. Here is a post on the database.
NKVD agents– International Memorial, a social action group that documents the repression during Soviet years, reveals the names of 41,000 agents who worked for the NKVD (predecessor of KGB) from 1935-1939. Here is a post on the database.
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database– A thorough database from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
JewishGen’s Holocaust Database– The database has more than 2.75 million entries from more than 190 component datasets.
Participants of the White Movement in USSR
Military databases for World War II
Memorial– This is a flexible searchable database for soldiers who died or went missing in action during World War II. You can search by name of village/town/city alone under the Расширенный поиск tab. Remember to click on all of the options below the search text line for Расширенный поиск to catch as much information as possible. You can search by first, middle (patronymic) and last name, birth year or rank.
Feat of the People– Click on поиск по фамилии on the left to search for awards given to Soviet soldiers during WWII. This database is flexible, too. You can search by first, middle, last name, birth year, rank and place of recruitment (last residence). Scans of the actual hand written or typed citations are provided, in addition to images of the awards received.
Memory of a Nation 1941-1945– This website has more than 50 million records on Soviet Army WWII soldiers and that includes 2 million records on locations of soldiers’ burial sites. It was last updated in 2021. Here is a post on the database.
Road of Memory – A searchable database by name of Soviet Army soldiers with their photos. Those photos also have been posted with the records on Memory of a Nation 1941-1945. Here is a post on Road of Memory.
“For the Defense of Moscow” Medal database– More than 1 million people were awarded the” For the Defense of Moscow” medal. The searchable database has scanned records of the recipients. Here is a post on the database with a video guide on how to use the database without knowing Russian.
Relatives honoring their WWII soldiers
Civilian World War II databases
The Feat of the Partisans- This database provides information on the state award recipients for the partisan movement. The database provides the file location of awards. Here is a post on the database.
Arolsen Archives- International Center on Nazi Persecution– More than 26 million records in German are posted on victims of Nazism and displaced persons of World War II. The database can be searched in English. Here is a post on the database.
Odessa– Search under war records to find relatives and ancestors who had Einwandererzentralstelle (EWZ) records. Those who had relatives and ancestors with German ancestry who were living in eastern Europe during WWII are highly recommended to use this database. Learn more about EWZ records here.
Military databases for World War I
Project of the Union of Revival of Pedigree Traditions (SVRT)– Database of injured and killed World War I soldiers of the Russian Empire. This database can be searched in English or Russian. Here is a post on this database.
International Committee of the Red Cross database on World War I Prisoners of War– This database covers the Russian Empire, along with the other countries involved in the war. The database can be searched in English.
In memory of the heroes of the Great War of 1914-1918– This database has more than 2 million entries for Russian Empire soldiers who received awards, went missing and/or died in World War I. Here is a post of the database.
Fight for Ukraine’s Independence
Imperial Army database
Officers of the Russian Imperial Army– This is the largest open database and photo archive of officers and formations of the Russian Imperial Army of the early 20th century. Here is a post on the database.
Perished– This database posts information on people who died during various wars that affected the former USSSR and current-day Russia, in addition people who suffered from Soviet repression. Here is a post on the database.
Ukraine’s Memory Book– List of soldiers, underground soldiers and civilians who died during WWII. The list is searchable. The list is divided by cities, regions and other categories.
Books of Memory– This website has a searchable database of the soldiers who died in the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-40, Soviet conflict during 1923-1939 and local wars and conflicts of 1946-1982.
Book of Memory for the Republic of Belarus– The searchable database provides information on people who died in Belarus during WWII and those who came from Belarus and died elsewhere during WWII. Here is a post on the database.
Famine victims of Ukraine– Lists of victims of Holodomor, the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians. Click on The National Book of Memory to find the correct memory book by region. See this page on Wikipedia for more information on Holodomor.
The Book of Memory of the Siege of Leningrad– About 9 million records are available on this database to document the evacuation of residents from Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), provide information about those who died or survived the siege of Leningrad, offer data on those who served in the Soviet Army’s military units to defend Leningrad from the German army and release records on residents and people’s militia members who received awards for their service during the siege. Here is a post on the database with a video guide for those who don’t know Russian.
Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy Fund and Library Archive database– Documents recipients of the national awards in agriculture and industry. Here is a post on the database.
Ukrainian Immigrants, 1891-1930– Database of Ukrainian immigrants who came to Canada. Detailed information on the database and how to obtain the paper records are here. The database can be searched in English.
Immigrants from the Russian Empire– The scanned records for these immigrants who came to Canada can be found through the search engine for this database. The database can be searched in English.
Buscador– Database of immigrants who include those from the former USSR coming to Argentina. The database is in Spanish. (So copy and paste the text into Google Translate to read the results in English.) Here is a post about the database.
The All Galicia Database– More than 700,000 indexed archive records on mostly the Jewish population of Galicia, today part of southeastern Poland and western Ukraine, and some records on other ethnic groups.
Geneteka– This database has indexed records from Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia, in addition to Poland.
Pra.in.ua– This is the largest database of the Ukrainian residents born between 1650 and 1920. Registration is required for this database. The database can be searched in English.
Temples of Russia– More than 29,000 photos of Russian Orthodox and Old Believers churches and chapels are located in this database. The database has churches that are functioning, closed and forgotten. Here is a post about the database.